Ruinex: The Best Solution After Harvesting | BIO energy

Ruinex: The Best Solution After Harvesting

2019-07-17

During the first ten days of July, people began emerging in the fields of winter rapeseed, while the following ten days saw the fields filled to the brim by the young and the old.

Everyone knows that harvesting is the most important task, but the tasks that must be carried out once the harvesting is done are even more crucial. The harvest acts as a summary and evaluation of the work that precedes it. Early harvest is not a good sign. Farmers can still remember starting to thresh the poorest crops around the 20th July – the yield of these crops rarely exceeded 3 t/ha. Consequently, the yield of rapeseed this year also does not come as a surprise. It is lower than 4 t/ha, while the farmers have hoped for a yield of five tonnes or more. The spring drought has considerably reduced the potential yield, but there are other reasons for this as well. Prior to harvesting, the farmers had noticed that the plants were damaged by diseases, even though more fungicides had been used compared to the previous year. Given the favourable winter, all of them had hoped for high plant productivity. At the risk of boring our readers, we will nevertheless reiterate that fungicides do not solve the problem. They banish the symptoms, but their cause remains untouched. The causes of all plant diseases are found in the soil. Rain might disrupt the process of harvesting, but it provides an excellent chance to examine the stubble.  It shows the signs of both verticillium wilt (for the second year in a row – this is a signal that cannot be ignored) and phoma stem canker. If we take a look at the catalogues of plant diseases, we will see that the agents of these diseases go through the early stages of growth while still being in the soil – and this is where we should ‘catch’ them. Why are chemists not talking about this? It is most likely because they do not have the means to improve the soil condition. The time has come for us to realise that we will not solve this problem with the help of chemical means. Farmers in France, Germany and other developed countries are yelling that they are no longer able to get rid of certain plant diseases, pests and weeds. Why cannot we learn from their mistakes? Must we first experience it all ourselves in order to be able to state that the French farmers were right – we have to take care of our soil rather than wipe everything out with the help of chemical means of plant protection and various fertilisers? Today we have a chance to enrich the soil with organic compounds. No new discoveries are needed: cellulose-decomposing micro-organisms were derived from the soil in 1918.  However, these micro-organisms are extremely demanding when it comes to their environment, large colonies of them are found in manure and in soil that has been fertilised using manure. There are many cellulose-decomposing micro-organisms and they are classified into certain groups. Soils that are not humus-rich are dominated by actinomycetes and fungi, which are extremely slow in decomposing cellulose. It should also be noted that some of the micro-organisms that play a part in the decomposition of vegetable residues can also cause plant diseases.  It is no coincidence then that soils that are low in humus are also more susceptible to plant diseases, while the use of fungicides further weakens the population of good micro-organisms. First of all, you should not plough the vegetable residues back into the soil, as the micro-organisms that play a part in the decomposition of these residues are mostly aerobes. We keep talking about the decomposition of vegetable residues because huge quantities of cellulose accumulate in the soil every year and the organic compounds of cellulose contain carbon.  The natural carbon cycle is a complicated process. It is important for us to ensure that cellulose is decomposed and organic carbon is released, as there is a serious shortage of carbon in our soils. Together with our grains, we export a small part of our soil. That is why we must at the very least return the elements contained in the vegetable residues to the soil in order to allow it to produce a new yield all over again. The intensity of the mineralisation of vegetable residues varies according to the soil characteristics – in some soils, this process is relatively fast, while other types of soil slow it down. The quantity of cellulose-decomposing micro-organisms in extremely fertile soils can reach 0,1–0,5M/g; however, even in this type of soil, not all the micro-organisms are active. We are talking about this because we wish to emphasise the importance of this fact given the conditions of modern farming, which is now dominated by highly specialised crop rotations. It is no coincidence that we have mentioned rapeseed diseases – rapeseed is returned to the same fields relatively quickly and the soil does not have enough time to cleanse itself properly.  How can we help farmers to maintain the productivity of their plants? The specialists in Bioenergy LT have been studying various preparations for years in order to select the most valuable micro-organisms and ‘populate’ our product, Ruinex, with them. The micro-organisms in Ruinex work harmoniously together: they fight against certain pathogenic fungi, decompose vegetable residues and the remaining vegetable secretions stimulate the growth of plants. Why is Ruinex so effective? Faster nutrient metabolism, antimicrobial metabolites and physiological conformation are the key factors that determine the antagonism and effectiveness of these micro-organisms. Typical indications of the biocontrol of these micro-organisms include mycoparasitism, spatial and nutrient competition, the antibiosis of enzymes and secondary metabolites and the induction of the plant immune system. 

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    UAB BIOENERGY LT                                                              
    Lithuania, Panevėžys 36151, Staniūnų g. 83
    Bank: AB bankas "Swedbank"
    Company code.:302956352
    VAT: LT100007429419
    Account No: LT027300010134086612
    Bank code: 73000

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