Towards the Goal with Bioenergy LT | BIO energy

Towards the Goal with Bioenergy LT

2019-05-06

Every single year brings new experiences to farmers. What sort of challenges will this year present to them? 

Brilliant winter, which had been extremely kind to winter crops, gave hope, but spring brought chaos into the farming system. The rapeseed began to flower two weeks earlier than usual, which means that the plants had absorbed the necessary temperature sum. The winter wheat is growing fast as well. Only the spring cereals are still hesitant to sprout in places, but this is usually due to earlier mistakes in cultivation. In this case, agronomists pay special attention to adequate plant nutrition, which is much more than just the most important factor when it comes to ensuring optimal plant productivity. Taking into account the context of the present day, most agricultural businesses concern themselves with the questions of effective plant nutrition and provide modern solutions to their customers.

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It was years ago that scientists discovered that certain nutrients are required for proper plant growth. In decreasing order of importance, they can be ranked as follows: macronutrients, i.e. nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, mesonutrients, i.e. calcium, magnesium and sulphur, and micronutrients, i.e. iron, manganese, zinc, copper, boron and molybdenum. Without these nutrients, the vital processes in plants become impossible and they are irreplaceable in a physiological sense. It is important to understand that the plants require all of these nutrients simultaneously, but this need (in terms of quantity and ratio) differs depending on the stage of growth. When it comes to micronutrients, specific requirements of certain plants should also be taken into consideration: during a particular stage of growth, some plants may require larger quantities of certain micronutrients, while other micronutrients must be used sparingly. The practice has shown that this fact is often disregarded, and many sellers tend to push the products that they have in storage while ignoring the needs of particular plants. We must remember that by spraying the plants with a product that they currently do not need, we are heading not only towards a direct loss but also towards precluding the necessary physiological processes in our plants.

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For example, phosphorus fuels all the processes that take place in our plants, while nitrogen and potassium are the two opposing weights of the plant food chain – their balance and ratio regulate the reactions of exchange and synthesis. If their ratio is not properly balanced, the plant productivity significantly decreases. What are we trying to say, you ask? First of all, we often encounter cases of properly balanced fertilisation where nitrogen is heavily relied on and fertilisation is postponed due to phosphorus being more expensive. This year, we have witnessed farmers fertilising winter crops with phosphorus and potassium in spring. This leads to a direct loss, as phosphorus is extremely immobile and is essential to plants in the earliest stages of growth. Well, we could also suppose that these diligent farmers simply had free time in spring and decided to fertilise their plants after the wheat or rapeseed, but this level of diligence is not very likely. It is much more likely that they made a mistake due to the lack of knowledge concerning plant physiology and soil characteristics. We should also consider the spring drought, which could have been predicted. The plants should always have access to nutrients in the soil. The farms that have utilised Fosfix in autumn provide examples of excellent practice: their plants absorbed the released phosphorus at the time when they needed it most. When using Fosfix, it is important to evaluate the quantity of phosphorus that is already available in the soil. There are cases of farmers claiming that the product has not produced the required effect – after analysing the data, we have noticed that the quantity of phosphorus in the soil exceeded 200–250 mg/kg. It is perfectly understandable that the product does not work properly in this type of soil. The same can be said about Azofix – if N200 or more is used, the nitrobacteria lose their efficacy.

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The majority of nutrients are absorbed by the plants from the soil through their roots, so our goal is to ensure that they always have access to sufficient amount of nutrients. However, agronomists face thousands of questions and problems, especially nowadays, given the prevalence of commercial agronomy. The plants require as many nutrients as the soil loses together with the harvest, so the possible yield of winter crops must already be considered. A lot of farmers tend to fertilise poor crops profusely. Such a strategy does not pay off – the absence of plants means the absence of yield, so we must first evaluate the productivity of a crop and then consider the possibility of additional fertilisation. Of course, it is a difficult task since the crop yield is never stable, even if the plants are cultivated in the very same field. It depends on the preceding crop, the quality of the seed, the sowing depth, the sowing time, the condition of the soil, etc. All plants grow within a varied medium and in direct contact with their surroundings. If the environmental factors allow it and we help the plants to reach their full potential, they can achieve maximum productivity. In the absence of one of the necessary conditions, the growth of the plants is disrupted. For example, this spring was marked by a lot of limiting factors, such as dry soil, a low temperature that was not conducive to the plant’s stage of growth, temperature fluctuations and so on. Nevertheless, the negative factor that we encounter the most frequently is a nutrient deficiency. Plants can experience nutrient deficiency even if they are cultivated in fertile, properly fertilised soil. The mobility and accessibility of nutrients are determined by environmental factors and this means that plants might not be able to absorb certain nutrients even if they are present in the soil. This year, for example, even nitrogen is absorbed slowly from some soils due to the recent drought.

Bioenergy LT creates products and technologies that help to ensure the continued accessibility of nutrients to plants. It is particularly important to ensure the accessibility of nutrients to plants during the critical stages of their growth.

The majority of micronutrients are used in order to precipitate the synthesis of proline, an amino acid, in plants, however, due to unfavourable environmental factors, the plants might not absorb these micronutrients and consequently fail to synthesise the amino acid. What is our suggestion to the plants who have grown in ‘tired’ of drought and low temperatures? Instead of ‘going around in circles’, spray such plants with proline (MaxProlin) – this is much more effective and much cheaper. MaxProlin can be combined with Nutrilife, Bactoforce, herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, etc.        

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    UAB BIOENERGY LT                                                              
    Lithuania, Panevėžys 36151, Staniūnų g. 83
    Bank: AB bankas "Swedbank"
    Company code.:302956352
    VAT: LT100007429419
    Account No: LT027300010134086612
    Bank code: 73000

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